In Long-Term Recovery Fighting for Custody

In Long-Term Recovery Fighting for Custody

A woman in long-term recovery recently contacted me about this issue. She’d voluntarily installed a breathalizer (aka ignition interlock device) in her car and a camera so it could be verified that she was the one who blew into the breathalizer. She’d also already agreed to and had been complying with random drug tests. Yet she still was unable to get the judge to modify her custody visits to some sort of physical custody.

Would we prevent a person whose cancer is in remission from enjoying a respectful, meaningful, equal shared post-divorce relationship with their children? Would we do that with a person who is managing their HIV, heart disease or diabetes?

Lisa Frederiksen Shares What Family Law Attorneys & Judges Need to Know When Substance Misuse or Secondhand Drinking are present

Of course not. But that’s because we understand those diseases. They are no longer shrouded in secrecy, misinformation and shame. Those involved in a family law proceeding (family law attorneys, judges and the clients themselves) see these individuals as separate from their disease and applaud their recovery as commendable and something to be honored and supported.

On the contrary, family law proceedings with persons in long-term recovery from a substance use disorder are often fraught with discrimination, mostly because all concerned do not understand addiction for what it is – a chronic, often relapsing, but TREATABLE, brain disease, nor do they understand addiction recovery. And so they see the person in recovery as their disease, rather than a person with a treatable disease from which For some family members, it's difficult to forgive and forget a loved one - even after years of sobriety.they are in recovery. As such, those in family law proceedings still associate that individual’s pre-recovery, pre-treatment behaviors as intentional, rather than an outcome of the chemical and structural brain changes that are the hallmark of the brain disease of addiction.

All of this deeply hurts the children caught in the custody battle. Often the tragic outcome is the children suffer what are known as Adverse Childhood Consequences (ACEs), which in turn sets them up to suffer a host of unhealthy outcomes – including the development of a substance use or mental disorder, themselves.

What Can You Do if You Are in Long-Term Recovery Fighting for Custody

Please note the phrase, “long-term recovery.” As a mother of two daughters caught in the insanity of the untreated family disease of alcoholism and my ensuing divorce from their father in the early 1990s, I understand how terrifying it is when the parent in question is active in their addiction. [Check out my articles, Fears for Children When Divorcing an Alcoholic and Family Law Discrimination Against Recovering Alcoholics/Addicts.] So this article is addressing the person living in long-term recovery vs early recovery or active addiction. Why the distinction?

As stated, relapse is a hallmark of the disease of addiction. And because addiction is a brain disease [disease by its simplest definition is something that changes cells in a negative way; addiction changes cells in the brain – the organ that controls everthing a person thinks, feels, says and does] treatment of this disease is not done in 28 days. So this article is for the person in long-term recovery fighting for physical custody. The following suggestions can also be used by someone in early recovery to build a parenting plan that demonstrates their commitment to their addiction treatment and recovery.

Educate the Court and the Family Law Attorneys Involved

For most people, the notion that addiction is a disease, let alone a brain disease, is pretty far-fetched, which is why I love the science. Here are several sources that may help you educate the courts, family law attorneys and even your opposing party (not in a “I know it all” manner, rather, “It’s a whole new world in our understanding of the brain and the brain disease of addiction…”):

  • Understand How Science Has Revolutionized the Understanding of Drug [and alcohol is considered a drug] Addiction
    Today, thanks to science, our views and our responses to addiction and other substance use disorders have changed dramatically. Groundbreaking discoveries about the brain have revolutionized our understanding of compulsive drug use, enabling us to respond effectively to the problem. As a result of scientific research, we know that addiction is a disease that affects both the brain and behavior. We have identified many of the biological and environmental factors and are beginning to search for the genetic variations that contribute to the development and progression of the disease. Scientists use this knowledge to develop effective prevention and treatment approaches that reduce the toll drug abuse takes on individuals, families, and communities. Source: NIDA’s Drugs, Brains and Behavior: The Science of Addiction
  • Understand What is Considered Effective Treatment
    Addiction treatment varies depending on the individual. Check out NIDA’s “Principles of Effective Treatment” to understand what is considered effective treatment, which can then be used as a benchmark for assessing a person’s treatment and recovery.
  • Spend Time Browsing Through The Addiction Project website
    This website was created by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and HBO. It is one of my all-time favorite sites, chock full of information about the disease, how it develops, why some develop it, relapse, treatment, co-occurring disorders, recovery and more.
  • Visit the American Board of Addiction Medicine (ABAM) website
    There you can find a medical professional with an addiction specialization who can provide a medical evaluation as to the person’s current medical status in terms of their addiction recovery. Quoting from the website: The American Board of Addiction Medicine provides assurance to the American public that Addiction Medicine physicians have the knowledge and skills to prevent, recognize and treat addiction.
  • Review the Executive Summary of The U.S. Surgeon General’s Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health
    This was just issued November 17, 2016, and goes a long way to debunking common myths about addiction, treatment, and recovery.

Consider Using a Family Law Mediator

And not just any family law mediator, but one who understands addiction and recovery. Alona M. Gottfried, a family law mediator and attorney in Arizona, wrote an excellent article for In Recovery Magazine’s Fall 2015 issue, titled “Finding Peace Through Mediation,” which was posted online 11/06/2015. In her article, Ms. Gottfried shares the following about her own work as a family law mediator:

Parenting Plans which address addiction concerns and the potential impact on children.

Modifications or Temporary Modifications to custody orders.

Legal Separation to handle issues until one party achieves a certain level of sobriety. By legally separating, the parties can divide their assets and debts, then make arrangements for support issues and parenting time during this transition period, including concerns that their partner could drive under the influence or face other criminal charges that can have financial repercussions.

Post-nuptial agreements, which are agreements that allow them to stay married but still address treatment and recovery issues.

Reconciliation-type Forums – These types of mediations generally do not result in a binding agreement, unlike those involving legal actions. Instead, in a facilitated conversation to help make it as productive and comfortable as possible, those taking part in the process air their concerns, feel heard and understood, then create a road map for moving forward in relationships.

Source: Alona M. Gottfried, “Finding Peace Through MediationIn Recovery Magazine’s Fall 2015 issue.

Fine-tune Your Long-Term Recovery Plan

Addiction is an entirely TREATABLE brain disease and recovery is entirely possible when a person treats their disease. And for this, NIDA provides another excellent resource, Principles of Effective Addiction Treatment: A Reserach-Based Guide (Third Edition)I suggest you create a document that shows what you are doing to treat your addiction and address common relapse concerns, namely:

Effective Co-occurring Disorders (aka Comorbitity) Treatment – in the event you have both an addiction and mental disorder, such as anxiety, PTSD, depression, Bipolar, it is important to treat both at the same time. Resource

Addressing Your Underlying Risk Factors – there are five key risk factors that contribute to why a person develops the disease of addiction: genetics, social environment, early use, mental illness and childhood trauma. Explain what you are doing or have done to address yours so that one does not become the trigger of a relapse. An example might be cognitive behavioral therapy to address childhood trauma around early verbal, phsycial or emotional abuse. Resource

Anti-craving Medications – the power of addiction cravings is incredible which is where anit-craving medications to treat drug addictions can help. These include methadone, buprenorphine and naltrexone for opiod addiction and naltrexone, disulfiram and acamprostate for alcohol and other drug addictions. Reource

Continuing Care, aka Aftercare – treatment for addiction must follow the same 3-stage treatment model used for other chronic diseases: 1) detox/stabilization, 2) acute care/rehab and 3) long-term continuing care, aka aftercare. Stage 3 is the one most often missing – in other words, what is the plan for maintaining one’s long-term recovery? It should be written and might include several of the following: attending 12-step or other self-help meetings, using a recovery coach, using a recovery app on their cell phone, agreeing to random drug testing, installing a breathalizer and camera in one’s car, regular sessions with a therapist who specializes in addiction. For all, it should be a commitment to engaging in the now scientifically understood brain healing/wellness practices of nutrition, aerobic exercise, sleep and mindfulness practices. Make a list and be specific – include where, when and how often. Resource 1 and Resource 2.

What If – What to Do Relapse Plan – relapse doesn’t mean treatment has failed (as explained above) nor does it mean all the recovery progress the brain has experienced disappears. But it’s important to have a plan in place in the event a relapse does occur. As for resources, looking back at the ones provided above will shed light on what you will want to do in the event of a relapse. The main purpose of this effort is to show you will take action and what that action will be.

Share the Fact there are 23 Million Americans Living in Long-term Recovery

Most of society doesn’t understand this fact – people can and do recover and they can and do lead joy-filled, productive, engaged “normal” lives. Check out these websites:

Faces and Voices of Recovery

The Anonymous People

Facing Addiction.org | UNITE to Face Addiction

For Addictional Questions and Resources

As always, please feel free to contact me directly at lisaf@BreakingTheCycles.com or browse through the “For Families” section on my website.

©2015 Lisa Frederiksen. Rev. November 2016

Lisa Frederiksen

Lisa Frederiksen

Author | Speaker | Consultant | Founder at BreakingTheCycles.com
Lisa is the author of hundreds of articles and 11 books, including "If You Loved Me, You'd Stop!," "Addiction Recovery: What Helps, What Doesn't," and "Secondhand Drinking: the Phenomenon That Affects Millions." She is a national keynote speaker with over 25 years speaking experience, consultant, and founder of BreakingTheCycles.com. She has spent more than 14 years studying 21st century brain research in order to write, speak, and consult on substance use disorders prevention, intervention and treatment; mental disorders; addiction (aka substance use disorders) as a brain disease; adolescent addiction treatment vs adult addiction treatment; effective treatment for co-occurring disorders (having both a substance use and mental disorder); secondhand drinking | drugging; help for the family; and related subjects. In 2015, she founded SHD Prevention, providing training and consulting to companies, public agencies, unions, nonprofits and other entities to address the workplace impacts of employee secondhand drinking and alcohol misuse.

3 Responses to In Long-Term Recovery Fighting for Custody

  1. Excellent post Lisa! When my husband was in active addiction, there were a few times when I let him take our daughter for a visit (we were not together) and I worried the whole time. She was very young so she doesn’t remember (thank God) and he never blatantly did anything in front of her. However I do remember coming to pick her up and finding the door unlocked to his apartment, him passed out in another room and our daughter jumping up and down on the bed in another room having a great time.

    What if it wasn’t me coming in the door? What if she had fell and hit her head or broken an arm or leg? What if she went in the kitchen and grabbed something she wasn’t supposed to? What if she was crying and scared? So many things could have happened and thank God they didn’t, but they could have and that is terrifying! Once that happened he didn’t take her for visits on his own any more in active addiction…

    There is a huge difference with long term recovery and I understand a parent being wary until they are several years into it; for me that’s 4 years and up and then yes I would be willing to revisit custody with no worries. I won’t lie and say it wouldn’t always be in the back of my mind, but it would be WAY back, and I wouldn’t let that affect the visitation especially if I knew the other parent was a good parent and really loved their child.

    • Thank you, Nadine! And thank you for sharing your experiences and beliefs. I loved this line, “I won’t lie and say it wouldn’t always be in the back of my mind, but it would be WAY back, and I wouldn’t let that affect the visitation especially if I knew the other parent was a good parent and really loved their child.”
      Have a wonderful Thanksgiving!

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